> European Commission
}Antimicrobial resistance (AMR) – the ability of microorganisms to resist antimicrobial treatments, especially antibiotics – has a direct impact on human and animal health and carries a heavy economic burden due to higher costs of treatments and reduced productivity caused by sickness. AMR is responsible for an estimated 25,000 deaths per year in the EU. It is also estimated that AMR costs the EU EUR 1.5 billion per year in healthcare costs and productivity losses.
Factsheet - AMR: A major European and Global challenge
>European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net)
The European Antimicrobial Resistance Surveillance Network (EARS-Net) is the largest publicly funded system for antimicrobial resistance (AMR) surveillance in Europe. The European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC) is an EU agency that has been created to help strengthen Europe’s defences against infectious diseases.
Since 1995, Eurosurveillance has provided the European public health community with an open-access platform to exchange relevant findings on communicable disease surveillance, prevention and control. A weekly, electronic, peer-reviewed publication,Eurosurveillance aims to provide timely facts and guidance for public health professionals and decision-makers in the field of infectious diseases to facilitate the implementation of effective prevention and control measures.
> European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control (ECDC)
Established in 2005, the ECDC, based in Sweden, is an independent agency of the European Union. Its mission is to identify, assess and communicate current and emerging threats to human health posed by infectious diseases. In order to achieve this mission, ECDC works in partnership with national health protection bodies across Europe to strengthen and develop continent-wide disease surveillance and early warning systems. The agency works closely with the European Commission, providing reports and advice to the European Parliament and the Council of Ministers as well as contributing to the technical work of WHO and participating in WHO’s Global Outbreak Alert and Response Network (GOARN).
> UK Government support for EAAD
The European Antibiotic Awareness Day is supported in England by the Department of Health and its advisory committee on antimicrobial resistance and health care associated infections (ARHAI). The NHS, local authorities and other key stakeholders are asked to support EAAD to promote greater awareness of the issue locally and nationally.
>Antibiotic prescribing, Health Service Executive, Ireland
View also: https://www.hse.ie/eng/health/hl/hcaiamr/antibiotics/
Ireland has a good track record in addressing antimicrobial resistance with prevention and control of health care associated infections (HCAIs) and AMR. A National Interdepartmental AMR Consultative Committee was set up in 2014 between the Department of Health and the Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine. The objective was to raise public and professional awareness of the threat of AMR to both public and animal health, addressing the repercussions for human health, agriculture, food industry and environment